Gampaha is a first-order city in the urban hierarchy of Western Province, situated to the north-east of the capital, Colombo, just 27.3 km away. It is the administrative capital of the Gampaha district, which accommodates more than 75 public institutions. In the government manifesto, Gampaha has been named as one of nine national cities in Sri Lanka. Furthermore, Gampaha city has been designated as a first-order urban center in Sri Lanka's National Physical Plan – 2050, alongside Colombo, Kurunegala, Anuradhapura, Jaffna, and Trincomalee.
It has two local authorities known as Gampaha Municipal Council and Gampaha Pradeshiya Sabha, and its total land extent is about 97 sq. km., which is comprised of 101 GN divisions. Gampaha can also be defined as a dormitory city with a population of 227,000. 57% of the population is economically active and 78% of that population is employed. In particular, 70% of the population are government, semi-government, and private workers, while 25% are own-account workers. The city's economy is mostly based on services and commercial activities, while Gampaha has become the 3rd largest paddy cultivator after the Dompe and Mirigama. It is 14% of the entire Gampaha district. Moreover, Gampaha has 25% of the wetland area of its entire land use.
Furthermore, the proposed urban pattern of the National Physical Plan-2050 is expected to have six metro regions in the east-west economic corridor, and the Gampaha-Veyangoda metro region is anticipated to have 600,000 people within the region with a 2.0 growth rate.
However, as the main city of the Gampaha district, it provides a vast range of services, including administrative, education, transport, health, commercial, retail, and the city facilitates a functional population of 200,000 per day, including 74,000 railway commuters, a 45,000-school population, 40,000+ tuition students.
The upcoming transport developments, including the central expressway and its interchange, railway electrification project, and proposed multi-model transport center, will definitely increase the residential demand in the area and will turn the city into a huge paradigm shift in the future.
However, taking into account all of these potentials and regressions, it is aiming to tap the potentials towards the smart urban nest in the next ten years under the vision of
To have a harmonious set of land uses that preserves the city's predominant character as the Capital City of the Gampaha District, as well as a city of residential neighborhoods with a lively and appealing mix of commercial, institutional, community, and recreational activities while maintaining an optimal economic base as a Sri Lanka's National City.
Create the most dynamic, vibrant city core, aiming to revitalize the city's economy
Magnify the capital city aspect through providing quality administrative services and a comfortable city fabric.
Provide the best possible quality of life in order to facilitate a facilitated urban nest for the residencies.
Enabling Smart Urbanization in Sri Lanka - Smart Gampaha City is an advisory and business investment facilitation scheme provided by the Smart Gampaha City Working Group jointed among the Urban Development Authority of Sri Lanka, MG Group fo Companies and Good City Foundation.